Free AttractionsSan Francisco, like any big city, can be an expensive place to visit. There are a bunch of great activities that you can see without spending any money though such as walking the mosaic steps, exploring the wave organ and visiting the Palace of Fine Arts. You can see my favorite free activities below.
FoodSan Francisco is home to two of my favorite restaurants in all of California, Mama's and Brenda's. Of course this doesn't even scratch the surface of all the amazing different options they have available, but I keep coming back to both of them every time I visit.
HikingThere are a lot of places you can get to that are right outside San Francisco and house tons of amazing options for hiking and outdoor exploration. Some of my favorites are places like Mt Diablo State Park and Point Reyes but there are places in the city as well like Lands End.
Stores & EntertainmentThis section will continue to grow, but both Amoeba Music and Anchor Brewing Company are fantastic spots to visit in San Francisco. Make sure to request a tour of Anchor Brewing way in advance though as it is a popular spot to visit and fills up quickly.
HotelsI haven't stayed at all of these hotels but they have come recommended to me. Be sure to let me know if you have other recommendations. Click the name under the hotel to head over to Booking.com and read about each spot.
Before permanent European settlers arrived in the San Francisco Bay area, the first European explorers sailed California coastline in the 1500s. Indigenous peoples, including the Yelamu tribal band, lived here.
In 1769, the Portola expedition arrived and noted the typical fog. The Mission was established in 1776. By 1786, Juan Bautiza de Anza and his settlement party from San Diego came to establish a mission and presidio. The Mission of St. Francis of Assisi (Mission San Francisco de Asis) became the center of material and spiritual life for more than a thousand Native Americans in the area.
Early Spanish-Mexican Rulers and American Control
Mexico declared independence from Spain and became a nation in 1821. Historians say this period initiated the decline of the missions in California. By 1835, William Richardson, an American, permanently settled in Yerba Buena.
Five years later, more Americans came west to “Alta California.” The Americans wanted an independent California and, for a short while, the California Republic existed. James B. Montgomery arrived in July 1846 to fly the United States flag in the plaza, now Portsmouth Square.
For a short while, San Francisco became known as Yerba Buena. In 1847, the city returned to its former name when Alta California leader, Don Vallejo, agreed that the “new” city bear the name of his dear wife, Doña Francisca Benicia Carrillo.
San Francisco and the Gold Rush
Gold was first found in the California foothills near Sacramento in 1848. San Francisco was the central entry point and depot of explorers in search of gold.
Although no U.S. census record exists for the area in 1850, historians say the population grew from about 1,000 to at least 25,000 people.
As more frenzied explorers decided to call the area home, the 1860 census figures show that almost 57,000 people lived here. Some of the wooden ships arriving during the Gold Rush were later dismantled to build the now expanding harbor.
The three years of 1849, 1850, and 1851 were wild, reckless, and lawless. Prostitutes and gamblers were plentiful because some miners did strike it rich. Six large fires also broke out at this time.
Nevada’s Silver Boom, Railroads, Golden Gate Park, and Cable Cars
In 1859, a major silver find was announced in Nevada at Comstock Lode. Residents now made money as people stocked mining supplies to once more head for the hills.
The Central Pacific Railroad’s construction began, and several of the city's captains of industry imported thousands of Chinese people to build the tracks. Chinatown in San Francisco rapidly grew to the largest Chinese population and settlement in the Western world.
By 1887, San Francisco urban planners designated a thousand acres on the Pacific peninsula to build Golden Gate Park. Cable cars now spanned the city to enable residents to traverse steep hills. By 1890, almost 300,000 people lived in San Francisco.
San Francisco Earthquake of 1906
In April 1906, San Francisco suffered a devastating earthquake. The San Andreas Fault beneath the city spread greater than 10 feet. The earthquake, retroactively estimated to have been approximately 7.8 on the Richter Scale (1935), destroyed 25,000 buildings and killed 3,000 people.
Damaged water pipes and mains left San Francisco helpless as fires burned the city for four days. During the Great Depression of the 1930s, the construction of the San Francisco Bay and Golden Gate Bridges unified residents of the area.
World War II and the 1950s
San Francisco became the departure point for troops heading to the Pacific theater in World War II. Greater San Francisco evolved as an arms production and manufacturing center. Japanese and Japanese-American residents of the area were sent to inland internment camps after Japan bombed Pearl Harbor.
Japanese neighborhoods were left abandoned, but new residents in search of wartime employment soon arrived to fill the rooming houses. More than 775,000 people resided in San Francisco at this time.
San Francisco hosted the 1945 United Nations Charter Conference and continued to solicit scientists and technologists as nuclear age businesses evolved.
San Francisco, Bohemian Culture, and the Summer of Love
In the nineteenth century, the city had attracted some of the country’s most popular writers, including Jack London and Mark Twain. San Francisco continued to attract artists, writers, and free thinkers, and was known as a bohemian cultural center through the Cold War 1950s. The Haight-Ashbury area became the home of “hippies” and “flower children” as the make love, not war movement celebrated 1967’s Summer of Love.
Political Activism in the 1980s
San Francisco became a politically active center for environmentalists, women’s and worker’s rights. Gay and lesbian people were welcomed here. The Castro District became home to the gay and lesbian community as well as the gay rights movement.
During the 1980s decade, San Francisco’s government responded to the exploding AIDS epidemic and growing homelessness. The U.S. Census reported that less than 700,000 people lived in the city of San Francisco as more people moved to suburban Bay area communities.
San Francisco Earthquake of 1989
In October 1989, a second major earthquake ravaged San Francisco. The quake measured 6.9 on the Richter scale and damaged one out of every eight homes. An estimated $5 billion in property damage resulted, and 67 people were killed. Almost 724,000 people lived in the city during the earthquake.
San Francisco’s 1990s Technology Boom
By the late 1990s, the Internet technology boom began and more entrepreneurs came to San Francisco. Internet millionaires and “dot.coms” were blamed for accelerating rent and property values as new residents scrambled to find affordable housing.
San Francisco Today
San Francisco is California' fourth largest city and is the second most densely populated metro area in the country. According to the 2014 U.S. Census, about 852,000 people live in the city. The greater San Francisco metro area is home to 8.6 billion people, the fifth largest population center in the United States.